劳动力转移下陕西农户生活用能影响因素

(1.西安科技大学 能源经济与管理研究中心,陕西 西安 710054; 2.西安科技大学 老龄社会发展研究所,陕西 西安 710054; 3.西安科技大学 管理学院,陕西 西安 710054)

能源结构; 劳动力转移; 生物质能源; 商品能源; 农户

Influential factors of rural households energy consumption in Shaanxi under labor transfer
WANG Ping1,2,3,YIN Yan-yan3,ZHANG Ya-xin3

(1.Center for Energy Economics and Management Research,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China; 2.Institute for Aging Society Development Studies,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China; 3.College of Management,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China)

energy structure; labor transfer; biomass energy; commodity energy; farmers

备注

利用2013年和2017年在陕西农村地区开展的两期纵向田野调查数据,采用多元线性及Logistic回归模型等方法分析劳动力转移视角下农户生活用能的影响因素。结果 表明:目前全国农户生活用能以液化气和电力为主,而陕西农户则以煤炭、电力、薪柴和秸秆为主; 劳动力转移中人均劳动力转移收入是促进农户生活用能从生物质能源向商品能源转变的主要推动因素,而转移人数及转移负担人口则是主要抑制因素,社会人口-经济特征、能源可获得性及区位特征诸因素均构成农户生活用能的显著影响因素; 农户选择不同生活用能结构的影响因素有所差异。揭示了劳动力转移能够促进农户生活用能结构绿色转型及可持续发展; 陕西地区从传统生物质能源向清洁商品能源转变受农户社会人口-经济特征、能源可获得性及区位特征诸因素的差异影响不容忽视; 农户科学用能教育及引导亟待加强。

Based on the data of two longitudinal field surveys conducted in Shaanxi in 2013 and 2017,the multiple linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze the factors affecting the energy use of rural households under labor transfer.The results are as follows:At present,the domestic households mainly use liquefied petroleum gas and electricity,while the farmers in Shaanxi mainly use coal,electricity,fuelwood and straw.The per capita labor transfer income in labor transfer is the main driving factor to promote the transition of farmers'living energy from biomass energy to commodity energy,while the number of transferred people and the transfer burden population are the main inhibitors.Social population-economic characteristics,energy availability and location characteristics are all significant factors affecting farmers'living energy.The factors affecting farmers'choice of different energy use structures are different.It reveals that labor transfer can promote the green transformation and sustainable development of rural household energy use structure; that the transition from traditional biomass energy to clean commodity energy in Shaanxi Province cannot be ignored due to the differences in the social population-economic characteristics,energy availability and location characteristics of farmers; that the scientific energy education and guidance of farmers need to be strengthened.