基于TPB的疲劳对汽车驾驶员不安全驾驶行为的影响

(1.西安科技大学 安全科学与工程学院,陕西 西安 710054; 2.神府经济开发区海湾煤矿有限公司,陕西 榆林 719300 3.东风本田汽车有限公司,湖北 武汉 430056)

不安全驾驶行为; 计划行为理论; 行为态度; 主观规范; 知觉行为控制

Influence of fatigue driving on unsafe driving behaviors of drivers based on TPB
LI Lei1,YAN Min1,WANG Tao2,WANG Wen-tao1,GU Yue3

(1.College of Safety Science and Engineering,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China; 2.Shenfu Economic Development Zone Haiwan Coal Mine Co.,Ltd.,Yulin 719300,China; 3.Dongfeng Honda Automobile Co.,Ltd.,Wuhan 430056,China)

unsafe driving behavior; theory of planned behavior; Behavioral attitude; subjective norm; perceptual behavior control

备注

为预防和控制由于驾驶员不安全驾驶行为导致的交通事故,基于TPB构建包含驾驶员不安全驾驶行为态度、主观规范、知觉行为控制3个变量的疲劳对驾驶行为研究模型,通过发放与分析问卷,得到影响驾驶员出现不安全驾驶行为的因素之间的关系。采用独立样本T检验的方法进行性别和职业的差异影响分析,采用单因素方差法对年龄、文化程度、驾龄的差异影响程度进行分析。结果 表明:不同性别在疲劳驾驶行为控制和疲劳驾驶行为意向上显著差异性较大; 不同年龄群体对于知觉行为控制和行为意向有显著差异; 不同职业类型在疲劳驾驶行为态度和疲劳驾驶行为意向上具有显著性差异; 教育程度对驾驶者的行为态度具有显著性差异影响。通过对驾驶员不安全驾驶行为的研究有助于减少驾驶员驾驶过程的不安全驾驶行为,保障交通安全。

In order to prevent and control traffic accidents caused by driver's unsafe driving behavior,a fatigue-to-driving behavior research model was constructed based on TPB,which included three variables:drivers' attitude to unsafe driving behavior,subjective norms and perceptual behavior control.By issuing and analyzing questionnaires,the relationship between factors affecting driver's unsafe driving behavior was obtained.Independent sample T test was used to analyze thedifferentimpact of gender and occupation,and single factor variance method was used to analyze thedifferentimpact of age,education level and driving age.The results show that:There are significant differences in fatigue driving behavior control and intention of fatigue driving behavior between different genders; significant differences in perceptual behavior control and intention of behavior among different age groups; significant differences in attitude and intention of fatigue driving behavior among different occupational types; and significant differences in attitude of fatigue driving behavior between different educational levels.The research on driver's unsafe driving behavior will help to reduce driver's unsafe driving behavior and ensure traffic safety.