井下移动目标定位跟踪关键技术

西安科技大学 通信与信息工程学院,陕西 西安 710032

煤矿安全; RFID技术; 无线传感网络; 人员定位

Key technology of locating and tracking mobile object in underground mines
JI Wen-li,MA Qing,JIA Dong

(College of Communication and Information Engineering,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China)

coal mine safety; RFID; WSN; personnel location

DOI: 10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2016.0123

备注

针对智慧矿山建设和现代煤矿安全生产的要求,在分析现有技术后提出了煤矿井下移动目标定位跟踪的新方案。通过在巷道内铺设有源RFID位置标签,利用矿工携带的便携式带有阅读器、环境传感器、矿灯、ZigBee无线传输模块、一键救援的新设备(多功能阅读器)跟踪定位矿工的移动。在多功能阅读器上通过RFID中间件完成矿工位置计算,然后将环境传感器的监测数据和阅读器的位置信息通过无线传感器网络传输到井上应用服务器。在实验环境下验证了系统的设计思路,并完成了相应的系统软件设计。该软件能够完成井下人员移动位置跟踪和周围工作环境的监测等功能。该系统不但可以独立使用,还可以为应急救援提供有价值的矿工位置信息支持。

According to construction of smart mine and requirements of safety in coal mine production,this paper proposed a new method of position of miners under mine based on analysis of existing technology.By laying the active RFID in surrounding rock,we located miners with a new portable device which is made of reader,sensor,mine lamp,and wireless transmission module of ZigBee.Middleware in the Reader finish computing the position of miners in the mine,then transmit the information about monitoring data and position to server by wireless network.The related software of underground personnel positioning is designed for completing location tracking,and monitoring surroundings of miners.This system not only be used independently but also provide support for emergency rescue.