传统村落空间形态特色研究

陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院,陕西 西安 710021

传统村落; 规划理念及方法; 空间格局; 乡村人居环境;

Research on traditional village space form
GAO Qian

(College of Design and Art,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710021,China)

traditional village; planning concept; spatial pattern; rural living environment

DOI: 10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2015.0419

备注

中央城镇化工作会议战略目标“让居民望得见山、看得见水、记得住乡愁”,标志着国家对乡村建设的重视。为了更好地继承和运用传统村落营建中将乡村自然环境与社会文化环境相结合的整体规划理念及方法,文中以陕西历史文化名村党家村为例,挖掘传统村落空间格局特点,运用了文献资料收集、实地考察走访和整理分析的研究方法,总结出党家村传统村落空间营造结构特色,它主要从自然环境的因借和人文精神两方面体现。在此基础上,从乡村人居环境和乡土文化的角度对传统村落的空间营造结构特色做探索,挖掘并传承传统聚落文化,为乡村的建设提供可行的规划思路和设计方法,推动当代城镇化建设。

The central urbanization working conference put forward a strategic goal of “let residents see mountain,see water,remember homesickness”,which marked the country's emphasis on rural construction.In order to inherit and use overall planning concept and method of the natural environment and rural social and cultural environment during the construction of traditional villages,this paper tainking Shaanxi historical and cultural village Dang as an example,finds out traditional village spatial pattern characteristics,uses literature data collection,field visits and organized analysis and research methods to sum up the traditional villages Dang's spatial characteristics,which mainly embodied in two aspects:natural environment and human spirit.On this basis,from the perspective of rural living environment and local culture of the traditional village,the paper explores spatial creation architectural features and develop cultural heritage of traditional settlement,to provide practical planning ideas and design approaches for rural construction,and promote contemporary urbanization construction.