矿业城市产业转型模式及实证研究

长安大学 资源学院,陕西 西安 710054

矿业城市; 产业转型; 层次分析法; 主导产业选择

Industrial transformation models and empirical research of mining cities
WANG Hui-ping

(Resources Academy,Chang' an University,Xi' an710054,China)

mining cities; industrial restructuring; analytic hierarchy process; leading industry selection

备注

随着资源开采程度的加深,产业结构单一、资源寿命有限的矿业城市必然会面临后备资源储备不足,开采成本增大,生态环境恶化,经济结构衰退等影响矿业城市社会、经济和环境可持续发展的问题。如何实现矿业城市由矿区经济向城市经济转变,只有实施产业转型,寻求新兴主导产业,才能逐步摆脱资源减产而给地方经济带来的困境与压力。选取了典型的矿业城市——大庆市产业转型为研究对象,先从定性角度分析了矿业城市产业转型的战略模式,再用层次分析法定量论证了矿业城市应该选择的新兴主导产业,以期通过研究对其他矿业城市产业转型提供借鉴和参考价值。

With the deepening of petroleum exploitation,the mining cities appeared many issues such as resources gradually exhausted,gradual decline of city,which must affect sustainable development.The measures how to transform from the mining economy to city economy are to implement industrial restructuring,to seek new leading industries.Only in this way,we can get rid of difficulties and pressure to local economy.This paper selects a typical mining city-the Daqing city industrial restructuring as the research object.Firstly,the strategic mode of industrial transformation of oil city is qualitatively analyzed.Secondly, quantitatively demonstrated the emerging leading industries should be chosen in mining city with analytic hierarchy process.