区域性煤炭运输节点的优化

中国矿业大学 管理学院,北京 100083

合理化运输; 配送中心; 选址模型; 成本核算

Optimization of regional coal transportation nodes
LIU Hai-bin,WU Bi-shan,MEI Ao

(School of Management,China University of Mining and Technology,Beijing 100083,China)

rational transportation; distribution centers; location model; cost calculate

备注

针对当前我国煤炭行业物流诸多现实问题,尤其是煤炭运输通道规划合理化问题,通过对煤炭物流客户的需求量、运输距离及多式联运等信息的分析,并在对煤炭配送中心选址的重要性、合理性及其煤炭调运成本的影响因素的研究之后,文中运用煤炭配送中心合理的选址优化模型与配送成本优化模型等优化方法,实现煤炭运输成本最小化,以达到优化区域性煤炭运输节点的目的 。煤炭配送中心合理的选址优化模型与配送成本优化模型的科学性和有效性也经过实验证明其应用的实际价值,为我国煤炭运输通道合理化的建设提供理论和技术支持,也有为我国煤炭运输通道的未来发展提供了指导性的意义。

The current coal logistics in China is facing many realistic problems, especially in planning rationalization problem of the coal transport corridor. Analysis of the customer demand, transport distance and multimodal information of coal logistics industry,and considering the importance of coal distribution center location for rational distribution and reasonable cost,the paper puts forward the optimization model of coal transported center location and the cost optimization model,which achieve the rational transportation by the lowest cost and achieve the purpose of optimization of regional coal transportation node.The models in selecting distribution centers and its distribution cost are proved its application value in the validity by the experiments.It provides theoretical and technical support of rational coal transport corridor construction, and provides guidance significance for the future development of China's coal transportation channel.