[1]朱代先,孙小婷,郭明香,等.矿山井下超宽带无线定位算法研究[J].西安科技大学学报,2020,(02):356-362.
 ZHU Dai-xian,SUN Xiao-ting,GUO Ming-xiang,et al.Ultra-wideband wireless positioning algorithm in mines[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2020,(02):356-362.
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矿山井下超宽带无线定位算法研究(/HTML)
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西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
356-362
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ultra-wideband wireless positioning algorithm in mines
文章编号:
1672-9315(2020)02-0356-07
作者:
朱代先孙小婷郭明香张威虎郭 苹
(西安科技大学 通信与信息工程学院,陕西 西安 710054)
Author(s):
ZHU Dai-xianSUN Xiao-tingGUO Ming-xiangZHANG Wei-huGUO Ping
(College of Communication and Information Engineering,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China)
关键词:
超宽带 非视距传播 超宽带定位 粒子滤波 矿山井下
Keywords:
ultra-wideband non-line-of-sight propagation(NLOS) UWB positioning particle filtering mine underground
分类号:
TN 929.5
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对矿山井下环境复杂,存在非视距(NLOS)传播以及多径现象,以及对人员和设备的定位精度要求高等现象,而传统的基于距离的无线传感网络定位技术,如RFID射频识别技术、WiFi定位技术等存在传输距离短、抗多径效应差、定位精度低等问题。在对现有的矿山井下目标定位技术系统分析的基础上,提出了一种基于超宽带技术的矿山井下联合无线定位方法。在发射与接收台之间采用超宽带UWB技术,采用粒子滤波算法进行位置估计,并用TDOA/RSS联合技术获得的观测信号对位置进行修正。实验结果表明,与传统单一的井下定位技术相比,基于粒子滤波的TDOA/RSS联合定位技术降低了多径和NLOS对井下目标定位精度的影响,提高了井下定位精度。本联合技术在具有更低成本、易实现的情况下,能够达到更高的定位精度。
Abstract:
In view of the complex underground environment,there are non-line-of-sight(NLOS)propagation and multipath phenomena,as well as high positioning accuracy requirements for personnel and equipment,while traditional distance-based wireless sensor network positioning technologies,such as RFID radio frequency identification technology,WiFi positioning technology has problems such as short transmission distance,poor multipath resistance,and low positioning accuracy.Based on the analysis of the existing mine target positioning technology system,a mine underground joint wireless positioning method based on ultra-wideband technology is proposed.Ultra-wideband UWB technology is adopted between the transmitting and receiving stations,the particle filter algorithm is used for position estimation,and the observation signals obtained by the TDOA/RSS joint technology are used to correct the position.The experimental results show that compared with the traditional single downhole positioning technology,the TDOA/RSS joint positioning technology based on particle filter reduces the influence of multipath and NLOS on the positioning accuracy of underground personnel and improves the accuracy of downhole positioning.This joint technology can achieve higher positioning accuracy with lower cost and easy implementation.

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相似文献/References:

[1]康晓非,朱代先.煤矿井下超宽带信道建模与仿真[J].西安科技大学学报,2010,(02):241.
 KANG Xiao-fei,ZHU Dai-xian.Modeling and simulation for UWB channel in underground[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2010,(02):241.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-04-11 责任编辑:高 佳
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61701393),陕西省自然科学基金(2016JM6086)
通信作者:朱代先(1970-),男,安徽安庆人,副教授,博士研究生,E-mail:zhudaixian@xust.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-30