[1]王辉源,刘万青,湛青青.GIS的黄土高原典型小流域地貌发育定量化分析[J].西安科技大学学报,2014,(02):210-215.
 WANG Hui-yuan,LIU Wan-qing,ZHAN Qing-qing.Quantitative analysis of landform development in the typical small watershed in Loess Plateau Based on Geographic Information System[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2014,(02):210-215.
点击复制

GIS的黄土高原典型小流域地貌发育定量化分析(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2014年02期
页码:
210-215
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Quantitative analysis of landform development in the typical small watershed in Loess Plateau Based on Geographic Information System
文章编号:
1672-9315(2014)02-0210-06
作者:
王辉源刘万青 湛青青
西北大学 城市与环境学院,陕西 西安 710127
Author(s):
WANG Hui-yuanLIU Wan-qingZHAN Qing-qing
College of Urban and Environmental Science,Northwest University,Xi'an 710127
关键词:
地貌发育 定量研究 GIS
Keywords:
landscape development quantitative research GIS
分类号:
K 90
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
选取黄土高原典型小流域作为研究对象,黄河的泥沙主要来源于黄土高原腹部陕北黄土高原,面积高程积分常常用来判定侵蚀地貌区域地貌发育阶段,面积高程积分作为揭示流域活动性重要指标之一,在流域地貌发育宏观定量研究中起重要作用。根据Davis侵蚀循环学说,把流域地貌发育划分为幼年期、壮年期和老年期,流域地貌演化越长侵蚀越严重,面积高程曲线也从最初的凸形到S形直至最后的凹形,面积高程积分值也从0.6到0.35.文章在回顾了地貌发育历史和地貌发育定量研究基础上,利用面积高程积分去定量化描述黄土高原典型小流域地貌发育阶段,并且提出新的研究方法并加以验证。根据不同阶段对地貌发育的判定,结合不同学者的研究成果,利用地理信息系统技术,尝试通过地理信息系统技术判定流域地貌发育阶段,结合地貌学,地理学,以ARCGIS和EXCEL作为技术平台,对流域地貌发育加以分析并且提出改进方法。利用面积高程积分可以很明确的确定流域地貌属于地貌发育青年期,侵蚀比较严重,利用体积高程积分替代面积高程积分,分析结果具有一致性。面积高程积分在研究地貌发育定量研究中,虽比较准确,但是体积高程积分具有形象直观,计算快速,计算结果和实际比较符合等优点,不失为研究地貌发育阶段的一种可靠方法。
Abstract:
The Yellow River sediments mainly come from north shaanxi Loess Plateau,this paper chose typical small watersheds in Loess Plateau as research object.Hypsometric Integral is often used to reflect the landform erode stage and evolution process.As one of the important indicator of watershed evolution characteristics,Hypsometric Integral plays an important role in macroscopic quantitative analysis of landform evolution in watershed scale.On the basis of Davis' theory of erosion cycle,landform evolution in watershed can be divided into young stage,mature stage and old stage.The longer the evolution,the severe the erosion,and the shape of Hypsometric curve changed from initial convex to “S” and finally to concave,the Integral value is also ranged from 0.6 to 0.35.Based on the review of landform evolution and its quantitative research,this paper quantitatively described the development stage of landform evolution of typical small watershed in Loess Plateau by the use of Hypsometric Integral.In addition,a new method is proposed and tested.on the basis of different stages of landform evolution and achievements of several scholars,this paper tried to determine and analysis the development stage of watershed landform by the combine use of Geographic Information System,Geomorphology and geography,and ArcGIS and Excel as technology platform.the result shows that the watersheds are in mature stage,and erosion is relatively serious.Instead of Hypsometric Integral,volume elevation integral has similar results in experiment.although Hypsometric Integral is relatively accurate,volume elevation integral is more intuitive and visual,and faster in computation.In addition,its results are closer to actual fact,and it will be a reliable method to study the development stages of landform.

参考文献/References:

[1] 刘东生.黄土的物质成分和结构[M].北京:科学出版社,1966. LIU Dong-sheng.The material composition and structure of loess[M].Beijing:Science Press,1966.
[2] 郑志勇.黄土滑坡的形成机理[J].西安科技大学学报,2008(4):694-697. ZHENG Zhi-yong.The formation mechanism of loess landslide[J].Journal of Xi 'an University of Science and Technology,2008(4):694-697.
[3] Davis W M.The geographical cycle[J].Geogr J,1899,14(A):481-501.
[4] 史同广,景才瑞.戴维斯学说与现代地貌学[J].华中师范大学学报:自然科学版,1990,24(3):391-395. SHI Tong-guang,JING Cai-rui.Davis theories and modern geomorphology[J].Journal of Central China Normal University:Natural Science Edition,1990,24(3):391-395.
[5] 景才瑞.漫话彭克父子[J].地理知识,1984(1):24-25. JING Cai-rui.Only Manhua punke father and son[J].Journal of Geographical Knowledge,1984(1):24-25.
[6] 景才瑞,绕扬誉.地貌学史述要[J].华中师范大学学报,1995,29(3):382-386. JING Cai-rui,RAO Yang-yu.History of geomorphology word[J].Journal of Central China Normal University,1995,29(3):382-386.
[7]罗来兴.划分晋西、陕北、陇东黄土区域沟间地与沟谷的地貌类型[J].地理学报,1956,22(3):201-221. LUO Lai-xing.A tentative classification of landforms in the Loess Plateau[J].Journal of Geography,1956,22(3):201-221.
[8]景才瑞.论地貌波[J].华中师范大学学报,1999,33(3):435-429. JING Cai-rui.Theory of geomorphic wave[J].Journal of Central China Normal University,1999,33(3):435-429.
[9]尹国康.地貌发育的趋向与变异[J].地理学报,1986,41(3):241-251. YIN Guo-kang.Landscape development trend and variation[J].Journal of Geographical,1986,9(3):241-251.
[10]涂汉明,张 伟,陈晓玲,等.地貌系统演化模式初探[J].湖北大学学报:自然科学版,1992,14(2):183-187. TU Han-ming,ZHANG Wei,CHEN Xiao-ling,et al.Landscape system evolution model study[J].Journal of Hubei University:Natural Science Edition,1992,14(2):183-187.
[11]Strahler A N.Hypsomet ric(Area2 Altitude)analysis of erosional topography[J].Bulletin of the Geological Society of America,1952,63:1 117-11 421.
[12]Ohmori H.Changes in the hypsomet ric curve through mountain building resulting from concurrent tectonics and denudation[J].Geomorphology,1993(8):263-2 771.
[13]Pike R J,Wilson S E.Elevation relief ratio,hypsometricintegral,and geomorphic area 2 altitude analysis[J].Geological Society of America Bulletin,1971,82:1 079-1 084.
[14]艾南山.流域系统的信息熵[J].水土保持学报,1987,1(2):1-8. AI Nan-shan.The comentropy of drainage system[J].Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,1987,1(2):1-8.
[15]艾南山,岳天祥.再论流域系统的信息熵[J].水土保持学报,1988,2(4):1-9. AI Nan-shan,YUE Tian-xiang.Second discussion of the comentropy of drainage system[J].Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,1988,2(4):1-9.
[16]陆中臣.流域地貌系统[M].大连:大连出版社,1991. LU Zhong-cheng.Lu river basin landform system[M].Dalian:Dalian University Press,1991.
[17]励 强,陆中臣,袁宝印.地貌发育阶段的定量研究[J].地理学报,1990(1):110-120. LI Qiang,LU Zhong-cheng,YUAN Bao-yin.Landscape development phase of the quantitative research[J].Journal of Geographical,,1990(1):110-120.
[18]蒋忠信.滇西北三江河谷纵剖面的发育图式与演化规律[J].地理学报,1987,42(1):16-29. JIANG Zhong-xin.Development pattern and evolution law of northwest yunnan sanjiang river valley profile[J].Journal of Geographical,1987,42(1):16-29.
[19]马新中,陆中臣,袁宝印.流域地貌系统的侵蚀演化与耗散结构[J].地理学报,1993,48(4):367-375. MA Xin-zhong,LU Zhong-cheng,YUAN Bao-yin.Geomorphic system of erosion in evolution and dissipative structure[J].Journal of Geographical,1993,48(4):367-375.
[20]邬 伦.地理信息系统原理、 方法和应用[M].北京:科学出版社,2001. WU Lun.Geographic information system principle,method and application[M].Beijing:Science Press,2001.
[21]许元飞.基于纹理的图像检索算法研究[J].西安科技大学学报,2013(4):470-474. XU Yuan-fei.Image retrieval algorithm based on texture research[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2013(4):470-474..
[22]董快鸽.GIS技术在土壤侵蚀普查中的应用[J].西安科技大学学报,2013(6):705-710. DONG Kuai-ge.GIS application in soil erosion survey[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2013(6):705-710.
[23]赵洪壮,李有利,杨景春,等.面积高度积分的面积依赖与空间分布特征[J].地理研究,2010(2):271-282. ZHAO Hong-zhuang,LI You-li,YANG Jing-chun,et al.Space dependence for hypsometric integral and spatial distribution characteristics[J].Journal of Geographical Research,2010(2):271-282.
[24]信忠保,许炯心,马元旭.黄土高原面积-高程分析及其侵蚀地貌学意义[J].山地学报,2008(3):356-363. XIN Zhong-bao,XU Jiong-xin,MA Yuan-xu.The loess plateau area-elevation analysis and its significance in erosion geomorphology[J].Journal of Mountain,2008(3):356-363.
[25]张敬春,李川川,张 梅,等.格尔木河流域面积-高程积分值的地貌学分析[J].山地学报,2011(3):257-268. ZHANG Jing-chun,LI Chuan-chuan,ZHANG Mei,et al.Golmud river basin area-elevation integral values of geomorphology analysis[J].Journal of Mountain,2011(3):257-268.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41203003)
通讯作者:刘万青(1965-),男,陕西澄城人,博士,副教授,E-mail:huiyuanking@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-04-30