[1]高阳,李崇贵.常用平面坐标转换模型的空间适用范围研究[J].西安科技大学学报,2014,(01):81-86.
 GAO Yang,LI Chong-gui.Research on space suitable scope of commonly used plane coordinate transformation models[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2014,(01):81-86.
点击复制

常用平面坐标转换模型的空间适用范围研究(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
81-86
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on space suitable scope of commonly used plane coordinate transformation models
文章编号:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2014.0117
作者:
高阳李崇贵
西安科技大学 测绘科学与技术学院,陕西 西安 710054
Author(s):
GAO YangLI Chong-gui
College of Geomatics,Xi’an University of Science and Technology,Xi’an 710054,China
关键词:
坐标转换相似变换仿射变换空间适用范围
Keywords:
coordinate transformationsimilarity transformationaffine transformationspace suitable scope
分类号:
P 226+.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
测绘和煤矿行业中经常需进行北京54坐标和西安80坐标的相互转换。以陕西某矿务局2个煤矿所测地面和井下控制导线的北京54坐标和西安80坐标成果为基础,通过数学仿真,研究了赫尔默特相似变换、仿射变换、双线性变换3种常用转换模型伴随空间范围的增大,坐标转换精度的变换规律。探索了不同模型的空间适用范围,在综合考虑转换精度和空间适用范围的基础上,确定了适合该矿务局的最优转换模型,及建模控制点个数。就面积在100 km2以上的常见煤矿地区,在建立2种坐标系间的平面坐标转换模型时,仿射变换模型转换精度最高,所需控制点数量较少,宜在10个以上,且分布尽可能均匀,所得转换参数的适用范围最广,能够起到减轻野外工作量和人工计算量的作用。该研究在实际工作中具有一定的理论和指导意义。
Abstract:
In the daily production of surveying and coal mine,the mutual conversion of Beijing 54 and Xi’an 80 coordinate system is often needed.In this paper,based on the results of Beijing 54 and Xi’an 80 coordinate of the points of control traverse on the ground and under the shaft at two coal mines of certain mining bureau in Shaanxi province,by means of mathematical simulation,the changing laws of coordinate transformation precision of common used transformation models such as Helmert’s similarity transformation,affine transformation and bilinear transformation following the adding of space scope is studied systematically.The space suitable scope of different models is explored.On the basis of comprehensively thinking about transformation precision and space suitable scope,the optimal transformation model for the mining bureau is determined.In the common coal region of larger than 100 km2,when the plane coordinate transformation model is established between the two coordinate systems,the highest conversion accuracy of affine transformation model,the uniformity distribution as far as possible of more than 10 control points needed,and the extremely wide scope of application of the resulting transformation parameters make the field work and artificial calculation less than before.

参考文献/References:

[1]刘湘南,黄方,王平,等.GIS空间分析原理与方法[M].北京:科学出版社,2005. LIU Xiang-nan,HUANG Fang,WANG Ping,et al.Principle and method of GIS spatial analysis[M].Beijing:Science Press,2005.
[2]张景雄.空间信息的尺度、不确定性与融合[M].武汉:武汉大学出版社,2008. ZHANG Jing-xiong.The scale of the spatial information,uncertainty and fusion[M].Wuhan:Wuhan University Press,2008.
[3]吴立新,史文中.地理信息系统原理与算法[M].北京:科学出版社,2003. WU Li-xin,SHI Wen-zhong.Geographic information system principle and algorithm[M].Beijing:Science Press,2003.
[4]王世香.精通MATLAB接口与编程[M].北京:电子工业出版社,2007. WANG Shi-xiang.Master the interface and programming in MATLAB[M].Beijing:Electronic Industry Press,2007.
[5]王解先,王军,陆彩萍.WGS84与北京54坐标的转换问题[J].大地测量与地球动力学,2003,23(3):70-73. WANG Jie-xian,WANG Jun,LU Cai-ping.The transformation problem of WGS84 and BJ54 coordinate system[J].Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,2003,23(3):70-73.
[6]朱华统.常用大地坐标系及其变换[M].北京:解放军出版社,1990. ZHU Hua-tong.Common geodetic coordinate system and it’s transformation[M].Beijing:The People’s Liberation Army Press,1990.
[7]季晶晶.数字化坐标转换中模型误差的影响[J].西部探矿工程,2011(8):115-119. JI Jing-jing.The effect of model error in digital coordinates transformation[J].West-china Exploration Engineering,2011(8):115-119.
[8]胡杰,胡伍生.基于混合模型的平面坐标转换方法研究[J].测绘工程,2010,6(3):14-16. HU Jie,HU Wu-sheng.Research on application of the omnibus model to plane coordinate transformation[J].Engineering of Surveying and Mapping,2010,6(3):14-16.
[9]王宝山,武继军,罗建元.大地坐标转换模型与精度研究[J].河南理工大学学报,2006,4(25):111-115. WANG Bao-shan,WU Ji-jun,LUO Jian-yuan.Research in transfomation model and accuracy of geodetic coordinates[J].Journal of Henan Polytechnic University,2006,4(25):111-115.
[10]李美娟,李立瑞.仿射变换模型在地形图坐标转换中的应用[J].勘察科学技术,2009(1):52-54. LI Mei-juan,LI Li-rui.Application of affine transformation model in topographic[J].Site Investigation Science and Technology,2009(1):52-54.
[11]宗刚军.姚顽强.工程测量中新旧坐标转换的一种实现方法[J].西安科技大学学报,2007,27(3):401-404. ZONG Gang-jun,YAO Wan-qiang.Implementing of coordinate transfering between two survey system in engineering survey[J].Journal of Xi’an University of Science and Technology,2007,27(3):401-404.
[12]赵洲,侯恩科,李成.三维体元拓扑数据模型中空间剖面的定义及坐标转换研究[J].西安科技大学学报,2007,27(1):54-57. ZHAO Zhou,HOU En-ke,LI Cheng.Sections definition and coordinates conversion about the three-dimensional topological data model based on component[J].Journal of Xi’an University of Science and technology,2007,27(1):54-57.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-08-20 基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30872023) 通讯作者:高阳(1989-),女,陕西西安人,硕士,E-mail:184088137@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01