[1]邓强.深水沉积研究综述及未来方向[J].西安科技大学学报,2014,(01):26-32.
 DENG Qiang.AResearch review and future direction of deep-water sedimentation[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2014,(01):26-32.
点击复制

深水沉积研究综述及未来方向(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
26-32
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
AResearch review and future direction of deep-water sedimentation
文章编号:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2014.0106
作者:
邓强
中海油能源发展股份有限公司 监督监理技术分公司,天津 300452
Author(s):
DENG Qiang
CNOOC Ener Tech-Supervision&Technology Co.Tianjin 300452,China
关键词:
深水沉积浊流等深流内潮汐内波
Keywords:
deep-water sedimentationturbidity currentcontour currentinternal tideinternal wave
分类号:
P 512.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
深水沉积自上世纪50年代开始为人们所关注。深水沉积理论在争论中发展,并取得了一定的成就。由于对深水沉积研究相对较少,因此对深水沉积作用认识十分有限。回顾深水沉积的研究历程、概览其研究现状,对于总结存在问题、展望发展方向具有深远的意义。通过大量调研国内外深水沉积研究实例,概述了它们的研究进展,详细阐述了基于浊流沉积理论而建立的海底扇模式,等深流沉积的垂向层序,内潮汐沉积的特征及形成机理。同时,文中指出当前深水沉积研究存在的若干问题:深水重力流沉积研究尚存在诸多争论,深水牵引流沉积的识别仍存在困难。深水沉积物成因复杂,未来的深水沉积研究应注重多学科交叉发展,建立深水牵引流和深水重力流两种搬运机制共同作用的深水沉积模式,提高深水沉积物的可预测性,进而指导深水油气勘探。
Abstract:
Deep-water sedimentation has been concerned since 1950’s.During the past 50 years,deep-water sedimentary theory has been developed in the debate.However,our knowledge is still limited because of the relative lack of deep-water sedimentation research.Under these circumstances,it is necessary for us to do a series work for it:the research history,overview of deep-water sedimentation,to sum up the existing problems,the research prospect.In this paper,we discuss the current research situation and the existing problems of deep-water sedimentation through a large number of domestic and abroad study examples.Finally,we discuss the future research direction of deep-water sedimentation.In this paper,we summarize the current research progress,and expatiate the submarine fan pattern which is based on Turbidity current deposits theory,the vertical sequence of contour current deposits,sedimentary character and formation mechanism of inner tidal deposits in detail.At the same time,points out several problems existing in the current deep-water sedimentary study,deep-water gravity flow deposits research still has many arguments,the identification of deep-water traction current deposits remain difficult.The formation of deep-water deposits is complex.Therefore,the future research of deep-water sedimentation should attach importance to multi-disciplinary intersecting,establish a deep-water sedimentation pattern considering both deep-water gravity current and deep-water traction current,improve the predictability of deep-water deposits and provide scientific guidance for deep-water oil-gas exploration.

参考文献/References:

[1]甘克文.我国海上油气勘探前景及邻国关系问题简析[J].石油科技论坛,2005(6):27-29. GAN Ke-wen.Offshore oil and gas exploration prospect in our country and analysis of neighboring relationship problems[J].Oil Forum,2005(6):27-29.
[2]何幼斌,高振中,罗顺社,等.深流沉积的特征及其鉴别标志[J].江汉石油学院学报,1998,20(4):125. HE You-bin,GAO Zhen-zhong,LUO Shun-she,et al.Features of contourites and their discrimination[J].Journal of Jianghan Petroleum Institute,1998,20(4):125.
[3]李新虎,罗杰,刘东.测井曲线的沉积旋回划分方法及应用[J].西安科技大学学报,2010,30(6):702-705. LI Xin-hu,LUO Jie,LIU Dong.Themethods and application of sedimentary cycle division from well logging curve[J].Journal of Xi’an University of Science and Technology,2010,30(6):702-705.
[4]徐红.测井高分辨率层序地层分析方法[J].西安科技大学学报,2010,30(4):457-461. XU Hong.High resolution sequence stratigraphic analysis from geophysical logging data[J].Journal of Xi’an University of Science and Technology,2010,30(4):457-461.
[5]庞雄.深水沉积研究前缘问题[J].地质论评,2007,53(1):36-43. PANG Xiong.Frontier of the deep-water deposition study[J].Geological Review,2007,53(1):36-43.
[6]方爱民.浊流及相关重力流沉积研究综述[J].地质论评,1998,44(3):270-280. FANG Ai-min.Sedimentation of turbidity currents and relative gravity fIows[J].Geological Review,1998,44(3):270-280.
[7]郭建华,梁卫.大西洋洋底现代等深流及其沉积特征综述[J].地质地球化学,1994(6):22-26. GUO Jian-hua,LIANG Wei.Modern contour currents and features of contourites in the Atlantic ocean:a review[J].Geology-Geochemistry,1994(6):22-26.
[8]Heezen B C.Hollister C D,Ruddiman W F.深海地转流作用下陆基形态研究[J].自然科学,1966,152:502-508. Heezen B C,Hollister C D,Ruddiman W F.Shaping of the continental rise by deep geostrophic contour currents[J].Natural Science,1966,152:502-508.
[9]Okada H,Ohta S.Photographic evidence of variable bottom-current activity in the Suruga and Sagami bays,central Japan[J].Sedimentary Geology,1993,82:221-237.
[10]何幼斌,高振中,罗顺社,等.等深流沉积的特征及其鉴别标志[J].江汉石油学院学报,1998,20(4):1-6. HE You-bin,GAO Zhen-zhong,LUO Shun-she,et al.Features of contourites and their discrimination[J].Journal of Jianghan Petroleum Institute,1998,20 (4):1-6.
[11]Shepard F P,Marshall N F,Mcloughlin P A,et al.Currents in submarine canyons and other seavalleys[J].AAPG Studies in Geology,1979(8):1-13.
[12]Rattray M.On the coastal generation of internal tides[J].Tellus,1960(12):54-62.
[13]Shepard F P.Tidal components of currents in submarine canyons[J].Journal of Geology,1976,84:343-350.
[14]富永政英.海洋波动——基础理论和观测成果[M].北京:科学出版社,1984. FUYONG Zheng-ying.Ocean wave-fundamental theories and observation result[M].Beijing:Sciences Press,1984.
[15]杨树珍.我国内波研究取得新进展[J].海洋信息,1994(6):3-4. YANG Shu-zhen.The new progresses in internal wave research[J].Marine information,1994(6):3-4.
[16]高振中,K A Eriksson.奥陶纪海底水道中的内潮汐沉积:先前没有辨识的岩相[J].Geology,1991,19 (7):734-737. GAO Zhen-zhong,Eriksson K A.Internal-tide deposits in an Ordovician submarine channel:previously unrecognized facies[J].Geology,1991,19 (7):734-737.
[17]高振中,K A Eriksson.美国阿巴拉契亚山脉芬卡苏地区奥陶纪海底水道中的内潮汐沉积[J].沉积学报,1993,11 (1):12-22. GAO Zhen-zhong,K A Eriksson.Internal-tide Deposits in an Ordovieian submarine channel,fineastle,Appalachians,USA[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,1993,11(1):12-22.
[18]Howe JA.北部RockallTrough,NorthAtlantic Ocean的浊流和等深流沉积[J].沉积学报,1996,43:219-234. Howe J A.Turbidite and contourite sediment waves in the northern Rockall Trough,North Atlantic Ocean[J].Sedimentology,1996,43:219-234.
[19]Damuth J E.南中国海盆地北部由浊流形成的迁移型沉积物波[J].Geology,1979,7:520-523. Damuth J E.Migrating sediment waves created by turbidity currents in the northern south China sea[J].Geology,1979(7):520-523.
[20]Normark W R,Hess G R,Stow D A V,et al.Sediment waves on the monterey fan levee:A preliminary physical interpretation[J].Sedment Petrol,1980,56(5):706-710.
[21]Flood R D,Shor A N.Mud waves in the argentine basin and their relationship to regional bottomcirculation patterns[J].Deep-sea Res.,1988,35:943-97.
[22]何幼斌,罗顺社,高振中.内波、内潮汐沉积研究现状与进展[J].江汉石油学院学报,2004,26(1):5-10. HE You-bin,LUO Shun-she,GAO Zhen-zhong.Current situation and advance of internal wave and internal tide deposit study[J].Journal of Jianghan Petroleum Institute,2004,26(1):5-10.
[23]张兴阳.沉积物重力流深水牵引流沉积组合——鲍玛序列多解性探讨[J].江汉石油学院学报,2001,23(1):1-4.ZHANG Xing-yang.Deposit assemblage of gravity flow and traction current in deep water:a study of the multiple interpretation of the bouma sequence[J].Journal of Jianghan Petroleum Institute,2001,23(1):1-4.
[24]Shanmugam.高密度浊流是否为砂质碎屑流[J].地质科学译丛,1997,14(1):24-28. Shanmugam.Is High density turbidity current Sandy clastic current[J].Journal of GeoscienceTranslations,1997,14(1):24-28.
[25]许文彬.等深流沉积研究现状与展望[J].台湾海峡,2004,23(3):394-402. XU Wen-bin.Research status and perspective of contour current deposit[J].Journal of Oceanography In Taiwan Strait,2004,23(3):394-402.
[26]李东海.深水异地沉积与油气勘探[J].江汉石油学院学报,2002,24(1):5-7. LI Dong-hai.Allogene deposits in deep-water and hydrocarbon exploration[J].Journal of Jianghan Petroleum Institute,2002,24(1):5-7.
[27]高振中.中国地层记录中的内波及内潮汐沉积研究[J].古地理学报,2011,12 (5):527-534. GAO Zhen-zhong.Study of interna-lwave and interna-l tide deposits in stratigraphical record in China[J].Journal of Palaeo Geography,2011,12(5):527-534.
[28]王英民.深水沉积的动力学机制和响应[J].沉积学报,2007,25(4):495-504. WANG Ying-min.Process of dynamics and its response of deep-water sedimentation[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,2007,25(4):495-504.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-08-10 基金项目:陕西省教育厅科学研究计划项目(2010JK919) 作者简介:邓强(1980-),男,天津人,工程师,E-mail:56603231@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01