[1]芦家欣,汤伏全,赵军仪,等.黄土矿区开采沉陷与地表损害研究述评[J].西安科技大学学报,2019,(05):859-866.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2019.0516]
 LU Jia-xin,TANG Fu-quan,ZHAO Jun-yi,et al.Review of study on mining subsidence and ground surface damage in loess mining area[J].Journal of Xi’an University of Science and Technology,2019,(05):859-866.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2019.0516]
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黄土矿区开采沉陷与地表损害研究述评(/HTML)
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西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
859-866
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review of study on mining subsidence and ground surface damage in loess mining area
文章编号:
1672-9315(2019)05-0859-08
作者:
芦家欣1汤伏全12赵军仪1闫照存1
(1.西安科技大学 测绘科学与技术学院,陕西 西安 710054; 2.国土资源部 煤炭资源开发与综合利用重点实验室,陕西 西安 710021)
Author(s):
LU Jia-xin1TANG Fu-quan12ZHAO Jun-yi1YAN Zhao-cun1
关键词:
黄土矿区 开采沉陷 地表损害 变形机理 动态监测
Keywords:
loess mining area mining subsidence ground surface damage deformation mechanism dynamic monitoring
分类号:
TD 325
DOI:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2019.0516
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
黄土高原及其过渡地带是中国主要产煤基地,区域生态环境脆弱且地理、地质条件复杂,大范围地下采煤已导致严重的地表沉陷与损害,其规律与中东部平原矿区明显不同。多年来,针对黄土矿区开采沉陷与地表损害问题的研究已取得一定进展。基于笔者及众多学者的研究成果,总结分析黄土矿区地表移动、开采裂缝与台阶、黄土层附加变形、斜坡滑移与滑坡、环境退化与损伤的基本特征; 揭示黄土矿区开采沉陷中的土岩互馈影响、土体单元体积变形、失水固结变形、湿陷变形、山坡滑移、滑坡、裂缝、环境损伤的机理; 介绍黄土矿区开采沉陷与变形的预计模型及其适用性; 阐述卫星定位测量、激光雷达扫描、重力异常测量、多源遥感分析等测绘技术在开采沉陷与损害监测中的应用进展,并分析其技术局限性。在此基础上从黄土矿区开采沉陷的细观破坏特征及微观变形机理、黄土山区多工作面开采沉陷预计、老采空区地表稳定性、采煤沉陷与环境损伤的时空效应等方面,展望有待深入研究的科学技术问题,供学术界借鉴。
Abstract:
The loess plateau and its transition zone are the main coal production bases in China.The regional ecological environment is fragile and the geographical and geological conditions are complex.Large-scale underground coal mining has led to serious surface subsidence and damage,and its rules are obviously different from the mining areas in the central and eastern plain.For many years,the research on mining subsidence and surface damage in loess mining area has made some progress.Based on the main achievements of the author and many other scholars in this field,this paper summarize and analyzes the basic characteristics of surface movement,mining cracks and steps,additional deformation of loess layer,slope slip and landslide,environmental degradation and damage in loess mining area.The mechanism of mutual feed effect of soil and rock,volume deformation of soil mass unit,water loss consolidation deformation,collapsible deformation,hill slip,landslide,crack and environmental damage in mining subsidence of loess mining area is revealed.The prediction model of mining subsidence and deformation in loess mining area and its applicability are introduced.This paper expounds the application progress of satellite positioning measurement,LIDAR scanning,gravity anomaly measurement,multi-source remote sensing and other mapping technologies in mining subsidence and damage monitoring,and analyzes their technical limitations.On this basis,the scientific and technical problems to be further studied in this field are prospected from such aspects as the microscopic failure characteristics and deformation mechanism of mining subsidence in loess mining area,the prediction of multi-face mining subsidence in loess mountainous area,the surface stability of old goaf,and the space-time effects of mining subsidence and environmental damage,which can be used for reference by academic circles.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-26 责任编辑:李克永基金项目:国家自然基金(51674195)通信作者:汤伏全(1966-),男,湖南湘潭人,教授,E-mail:2504557922@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-25