[1]田 超,田一涵.平面电磁波极化场矢量的时空机理[J].西安科技大学学报,2019,(03):529-534.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2019.0320]
 TIAN Chao,TIAN Yi-han.Time space mechanism of polarized field vector of plane electromagnetic wave[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2019,(03):529-534.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2019.0320]
点击复制

平面电磁波极化场矢量的时空机理(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
529-534
栏目:
目次
出版日期:
2019-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Time space mechanism of polarized field vector of plane electromagnetic wave
文章编号:
1672-9315(2019)03-0529-06
作者:
田 超1田一涵2
(1.西安交通大学 城市学院,陕西 西安 710018; 2.西安科技大学 通信与信息工程学院,陕西 西安 710054)
Author(s):
TIAN Chao1TIAN Yi-han2
(1.Department of Electrical and Information Engineering,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710018,China; 2.College of Communication and Information Engineering,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China)
关键词:
极化场矢量 相位角 时空关系 圆极化 线极化
Keywords:
polarized field vector phase angle space-time relation circular polarigation linear polarigation
分类号:
O 441.4
DOI:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2019.0320
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
均匀平面电磁波是无线通信、遥控遥测等无线信息工程中的传输媒介,是多种工程技术的核心环节。不同形式极化的电磁波场强矢量的时空关系,决定着平面电磁波的性质,在电磁波发射、接收、不同介质交界面处波的性质分析中,有着重要作用。对电磁波运动时,各种极化场量的时空机理这一根本关系,建立正确的概念,是充分发挥宏观电磁场(波)在工程技术中功能的前提。电磁波场矢量有其特定运动方式,线极化波场矢量并非随着时间上下起伏地运动,圆极化电磁波也不是随着时间滚动着前进。波动方程Emsin(ωt-βz)能够揭示电磁波运动的真实情况。通过对方程的数学分析,阐明了电磁波运动中极化场量的动、静分布,以及它们的时、空相互关系,为运动中极化场量的时空结构,在严格的数学基础上,展示了一个清晰的图像。
Abstract:
The uniform plane electromagnetic wave is the transmission medium in wireless communication systems, remote control systems and telemetry systems etc. It is the core of many engineering technologies. The spatio-temporal relations of the field intensity vectors of different polarized electromagnetic wave determine the characteristics of the plane electromagnetic wave. It plays an important role in the transmission and the reception of the electromagnetic wave and the analysis of the wave properties at interfaces of different medium. The right concepts on the basic relationship of the spatio-temporal mechanism for different polarized field are the premise for the full performance of macro-scopic electromagnetic field wave in engineering. The electromagnetic wave field vector has its specific motion mode. The linearly polarized wave field vector does not move up and down with time. The circularly polarized electromagnetic wave does not roll forward with time. The wave equation can reveal the true state of electromagnetic wave motion. Based on the math analysis of the wave equation, this paper clarifies the dynamic and static distribution of the polarized field vectors, together with their spatio-temporal relation, which, on a basis of strict mathematics analysis, presents a clear vision on the spatio-temporal structures of the polarized field vectors in movement.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张洪欣,沈远茂,韩宇南.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:清华大学出版社,2016. ZHANG Hong-xin,SHEN Yuan-mao,HAN Yu-nan.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,2016.
[2]钟顺时.电磁场与波[M].北京:清华大学出版社,2015. ZHONG Shun-shi.Electromagnetic field and wave[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,2015.
[3]梁灿彬,秦光戎,梁竹健.普通物理学教程[M].北京:高等教育版社,2012. LIANG Can-bin,QIN Guang-rong,LIANG Zhu-jian.Course in general physics[M].Beijing:Higher Education Press,2012.
[4]林继成.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:清华大学出版社,2015. LIN Ji-cheng.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,2015.
[5]严继慈.电磁学[M].合肥:中国科技大学出版社,2013. YAN Ji-ci.Electromagnetism[M].Hefei:China Science and Technology University Press,2013.
[6]杨国桢.电磁学与电动力学(下)[M].北京:科学出版社,2014. YANG Guo-zhen.Electromagnetism and electrodynamics[M].Beijing:Science Press,2014.
[7]邵小桃.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:清华大学出版社,2014. SHAO Xiao-tao.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,2014.
[8]Л.Д.朗道,E.M粟弗席兹.场论[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1959. Л.Д.Langdao E.Mlifexici.Field theory[M].Beijing:Renmin Education Press,1959.
[9]冯慈璋,马西奎.工程电磁场导论[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2000. FENG Ci-zhang,MA Xi-kui.Introduction to engineering electromagnetic field[M].Beijing:Higher Education Press,2000.
[10]黎滨洪.电磁场与波[M].上海:上海交通大学出版社,1996. LI Bin-hong.Electromagnetic field and wave[M].Shanghai: Shanghai Jiaotong University Press,1996.
[11]王先冲.电磁场理论及应用[M].北京:科学出版社,1986. WANG Xian-chong.Electromagnetic field theory and apply[M].Beijing:Science Press,1986.
[12]符果行.电磁场与电磁波基础教程[M].北京:电子工业出版社,2014. FU Guo-xing.Basic course to electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Electronics Industry Press,2014.
[13]E.M.珀塞尔.电磁学[M].北京:机械工业出版社,2014. E.M.Pa sai er.Electromagnetism[M].Beijing:Engineering Industry Press,2014.
[14]张 厚,刘 刚,鞠智芹,等.电磁场与电磁波及其应用[M].西安:西安电子科技大学出版社,2012. ZHANG Hou,LIU Gang,JU Zhi-qin,et al.Electromagnetic wave and apply[M].Xi'an:Xidian University Press,2012.
[15]焦其祥.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:科学出版社,2012. JIAO Qi-xiang.Electromagnetic field and waves[M].Beijing:Science Press,2012.
[16]邬春明.电磁场与电磁波(第2版)[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2012. WU Chun-ming.Electromagnetic field and Electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Beijing University Press,2012.
[17]曹建章,张正阶,李景镇.电磁场与电磁波理论基础[M].北京:科学出版社,2010. CAO Jian-zhang,ZHANG Zheng-jie,LI Jing-zhen.Theoretical basis of electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Science Press,2010.
[18]谢处方,饶克谨.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1979. XIE Chu-fang,RAO Ke-jin.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Higher Education Press,1979.
[19]毕德显.电磁场理论[M].北京:电子工业出版社,1985. BI De-xian.Theory of electromagnetic field[M].Beijing:Electronics Industry Press,1985.
[20]冯慈璋.电磁场[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1979. FENG Ci-zhang.Electromagnetic field[M].Beijing:Higher Press,1979.
[21]徐龙道.物理学词典[M].北京:科学出版社,2004. XU Long-dao.Physics dictionary[M].Beijing:Science Press,2004.
[22]蔡圣善,朱 耘.经典电动力学[M].上海:复旦大学出版社,1985. CAI Sheng-shan,ZHU Yun.Classical electrodynamics[M].Shanghai:Fudan University Press,1985.
[23]王一平.电磁场与波理论基础[M].西安:西安电子科技大学出版社,2002. WANG Yi-ping.Theoretical basis of electromagnetic field and wave[M].Xi'an:Xidian University Press,2002.
[24]吴大猷.理论物理-电磁学[M].北京:科学出版社,1983. WU Da-you.Theoretical physics-electromagnetics[M].Beijing:Science Press,1983.
[25]曹昌祺.电动力学[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1961. CAO Chang-qi.Electro dynamics[M].Beijing:Renmin Education Press,1961.
[26]塔 姆.电学原理[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1958. TA Mu.Principle of electricity[M].Beijing:Renmin Education Press,1958.
[27]Л.Д.朗道,E.M.粟弗席兹.连续媒质电动力学[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1963. Л.Д.Langdao,E.M.Li fo xi zi.Electrodynamics of cantinuous medium[M].Beijing:Renmin Education Press,1963.
[28]JackSon J D.Classical electrodynamics[M].New York:London Johan Wiley & Sons,1962.
[29]Б.Я.Брунов.Теорця Электрмачнцтночо[M].Поля:Москва Ленинчрад Госэнер издат,1962. B.IA.Brunof.Theory of electromagnetic feild[M].Поля:National Power Press,1962.
[30]陈国瑞.工程电磁场与电磁波[M].西安:西北工业大学出版社,1990. CHEN Guo-rui.Engineering electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Xi'an:Northwestern Polytechnicae University Press,1990.
[31]钟顺时.电磁场理论基础[M].西安:西安电子科技大学出版社,1995. ZHONG Shun-shi.Basic theory of electromagnetic field[M].Xi'an:Xidian University Press,1995.
[32]倪光正.工程电磁场原理[M].杭州:浙江大学出版社,2000. NI Guang-zheng.Principle of engineering electromagnetic field[M].Hangzhou:Zhejiang University Press,2000.
[33]马信山.电磁场基础[M].北京:清华大学出版社,1995. MA Xin-shan.Principle of electromagnetic field[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,1995.
[34]杨显清,赵家升,王 园.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:国防工业出版社,2003. YANG Xian-qing,ZHAO Jia-sheng,WANG Yuan.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:National Defence Industry Press,2003.
[35]劳兰 P,考森 D R.电磁场与电磁波(中文版)[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1980. Lao Lan P,Kao Sen D R.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Renmin Education Press,1980.
[36]楼仁海.工程电磁场[M].北京:国防工业出版社,1983. LOU Ren-hai.Engineering electromagnetic field[M].Beijing:National Defence Industry Press,1983.
[37]郑钧 D.电磁场与波[M].上海:上海交通大学出版社,1984. Zheng jun D.Electromagnetic field and wave[M].Shanghai:Shanghai Jiaotong University Press,1984.
[38]Stiatton J A.Electromagnet theory[M].New York and London:McgrawHiu Book Company,1941.
[39]Daniel R.Frankl electromagnet theory[M].Englewood Cliffs.New Jersey:PrenticaHall Inc,1986.
[40]晁立东.工程电磁场基础[M].西安:西北大学出版社,2002. CHAO Li-dong.Basis of engineering electromagnetic field[M].Xi'an:Xibei Industral University Press,2002.
[41]Nanayana Rao N.Elements of engineering electromagnetics[M].Englewood Cliffs,New Jersey:PrenticeHall,Inc,1977.
[42]谢处方,饶克谨.电磁场与电磁波[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1999. XIE Chu-fang,YAO Ke-jin.Electromagnetic field and electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Higher Education Press,1999.
[43]Roald K.Wangsness electromagnetic fields John wiley & sons[M].New York:Chichester Brisbane Toronto Singapore,1979.
[44]William H,Hayt J R.Engineering electromagnetics[M].Mcgraw Hill:Intenational Book Company Auckland Tokyo,1981.
[45]田一涵.电磁场[M].北京:煤炭工业出版社,1991. TIAN Yi-han.Electromagnetic field[M].Beijing:Coal Industry Press,1991.
[46]卢万铮,汪文秉.电磁波理论[M].西安:西安电子科技大学出版社,1991. LU Wan-zheng,WANG Wen-bing.Theory of electromagnetic wave[M].Xi'an:Xi'an Electronics Science and Technology University Press,1991.
[47]杨儒贵.电磁理论[M].西安:西安交通大学出版社,1991. YANG Ru-gui.Electromagnetics theory[M].Xi'an:Xi'an Jiaotong University Press,1991.
[48]孔 J A.电磁波理论[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1980. Kong J A.Theory of electromagnetic wave[M].Beijing:Renmin Eduction Press,1980.
[49]玛奇德 L M.电磁场电磁能电磁波(下)[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1982. Mached L M.Electromagnetic field electromagnetic energy electromagneticwave[M].Beijing:Renmin Eduction Press,1982.
[50]К.Шцмони.ТеогетилескаЯ Электромехнцка[M].МоскВа:Иэяательстбо МИР,1964. Shimengning K.Theoretical electrical engineering[M].Moskewa:Peace Press,1964.
[51]阚仲元.电动力学教程[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1979. KAN Zhong-yuan.Electrodynamics[M].Beijing:Renmin Education Press,1979.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-10-20 责任编辑:高 佳 第一作者:田 超(1978-),男,辽宁抚顺人,工程师,E-mail: txylcs@163.com 通信作者:田一涵(1938-),男,辽宁抚顺人,教授,E-mail: tyhstjk@163.com 田 超,田一涵.平面电磁波极化场矢量的时空机理[J].西安科技大学学报,2019,39(3):529-534. TIAN Chao,TIAN Yi-han.Time space mechanism of polarized field vectorof plane electromagnetic wave[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2019,39(3):529-534.
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-05-30