[1]刘何清,高黎颖,游 波,等.影响气体冷却服热舒适性因素的实验[J].西安科技大学学报,2018,(06):910-918.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2018.0606]
 LIU He-qing,GAO Li-ying,YOU Bo,et al.Experimental study on factors affecting thermal comfortability of air cooling garment[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2018,(06):910-918.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2018.0606]
点击复制

影响气体冷却服热舒适性因素的实验(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
910-918
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental study on factors affecting thermal comfortability of air cooling garment
文章编号:
1672-9315(2018)06-0910-09
作者:
刘何清高黎颖游 波吴世先米立华陈 芬朱凯颖
(湖南科技大学 资源环境与安全工程学院,湖南 湘潭 411201)
Author(s):
LIU He-qingGAO Li-yingYOU BoWU Shi-xian
(School of Resource & Environment and Safety Engineering,Hunan University of Science and Technology,Xiangtan 411201,China)
关键词:
环境温度 劳动强度 通气量 衣内微气候 皮肤温度
Keywords:
ambient temperature labor intensity ventilation volume microclimate in garment skin temperature
分类号:
X 959
DOI:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2018.0606
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用真人实验的方法,研究人上体躯干穿着气体冷却服时衣内微空间气候参数及上体躯干皮肤温度受环境温度、劳动强度和通气量变化的影响。结果表明:环境温度是影响衣内空间空气温度、湿度及皮肤温度的最主要因素; 体表及衣内空间汗液蒸发吸热是影响衣内空间空气温度、湿度及皮肤温度的重要因素; 影响体表汗液蒸发的主要因素是体表气流速度、劳动强度及通入压缩空气水蒸气分压力; 增大压缩空气通气量对衣内空间空气温度、湿度及皮肤温度无显著影响。实验证明,该型气冷服能将人体皮肤温度控制在舒适范围内,对人体热舒适性具有一定程度的改善作用,但气冷服结构、压缩空气管及开孔布局有待改进,以充分利用汗液蒸发吸热作用,提高气冷服的降温效果。
Abstract:
The real-life experiment method was used to study the influence of ambient temperature,labor intensity and ventilation volume on micro-space climate parameters and upper body skin temperature of the upper body trunk when wearing the gas cooling garment.The results show that ambient temperature is the most chief factor affecting air temperature,humidity of clothing inner micro-space and skin temperature.Sweat evaporation from skin surface is an important factor affecting air temperature,humidity and skin temperature.Air velocity of skin surface,labor intensity and water vapor pressure are the main factors affecting sweat evaporation.The increasing volume of compressed air has no significant effect on air temperature,humidity and skin temperature.The experiment proves that the gas cooling garment can keep skin temperature in a comfortable range and enhance human thermal comfortability partly.However,the gas cooling garment structure,compressed air tube and opening layout need to be improved to make full use of sweat evaporation.

参考文献/References:


[1] GUO Ting-hui,SHANG Bo-feng,DUAN Bin,et al.Design and testing of a liquid cooled garment for hot environments[J].Journal of Thermal Biology,2015(49-50):47-54.
[2]王新泉.人在矿井热湿环境中的生理变化[J].能源技术与管理,1987(3):11-15. WANG Xin-quan.Physiological changes in mine thermal and humid environment[J].Energy Technology and Management,1987(3):11-15.
[3]刘何清,高黎颖,李伊洁.冷却服发展状况述评[J].矿业工程研究,2015,30(4):75-80. LIU He-qing,GAO Li-ying,LI Yi-jie.Review of the development of cooling clothing[J].Mining Engineering Research,2015,30(4):75-80.
[4]Fanger P O.Calculation of thermal comfort,introduction of a basic comfort equation[J].Ashrae Transactions,1967,73(2):1-20.
[5]Fanger P O.Thermal comfort[M].Malabar:Robert E Krieger Publishing Company,1982.
[6]朱颖心.建筑环境学[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2005. ZHU Ying-xin.Building environmental science[M].Beijing:China Building Industry Press,2005.
[7]魏润柏.热环境[M].上海:同济大学出版社,1994. WEI Run-bai.Thermal environment[M].Shanghai:Tongji University Press,1994.
[8]郭 新,袁修干.影响气冷式个体热防护装备致冷力的因素分析[J].宇航学报,2010,31(1):276-281. GUO Xin,YUAN Xiu-gan.Factors influencing the cooling capacity of air-cooled individual thermal protection equipment[J].Journal of Astronautics,2010,31(1):276-281.
[9]郑海坤.深矿井热环境下人体降温机理及空调方法研究[D].焦作:河南理工大学,2014. Zheng Hai-kun.Deep cooling mechanism and air conditioning method under the thermal environment of deep mine[D].Jiaozuo:Henan Polytechnic University,2014.
[10]Garwood D R.Air-sources,supply and cooling[J].Ergonomics,1988,31(7):1015-1023.
[11]Vallerand A L,Michas R D,Frim J,et al.Heat balance of subjects wearing protective clothing with a liquid or air-cooled vest[J].Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine,1991,62(5):383-391.
[12]李 珩,邱义芬,姜 南,等.通风温度对全身通风服热防护性能影响研究[J].航天医学与医学工程,2014,27(3):205-209. LI Heng,QIU Yi-fen,JIANG Nan,et al.Effect of ventilation temperature on thermal protection performance of whole body ventilated clothing[J].Aerospace Medicine andMedical Engineering,2014,27(3):205-209.
[13]Muza S R,Pimental N A,Cosimini H M.Effectiveness of an air cooled vest using selected air temperature,humidity and air flow rate,combinations[J].Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine,1987,58(2):119-124.
[14]陈盛祥,武卫东,盛 伟,等.不同进风型式下气体冷却服中空气流动与换热的研究[J].制冷技术,2014,38(2):43-47. CHEN Sheng-xiang,WU Wei-dong,SHENG Wei,et al.Study on air flow and heat transfer in gas cooling clothing under different inlet modes[J].Refrigeration Technology,2014,38(2):43-47.
[15]史新立.高温环境下热习服训练实验研究[D].天津:天津大学,2013. SHI Xin-li.Experimental study on heat acclimatization under high temperature[D].Tianjin:Tianjin University,2013.
[16]任 森.防治矿井热害的人工制冷方案分析[J].西安科技大学学报,2011,31(6):771-775. REN Sen.Analysis of artificial cooling scheme for mine thermal hazard prevention[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2011,31(6):771-775.
[17]冯 伟,朱方平,刘全义.三维仿真软件Ventsim 在矿井热害控制中的应用[J].西安科技大学学报,2011,31(6):776-779. FENG Wei,ZHU Fang-ping,LIU Quan-yi.Application of three-dimensional simulation software Ventsim in mine heat damage control[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2011,31(6):776-779.
[18]麦金太尔.室内气候[M].上海:上海科学技术出版社,1988. Macintyre.Indoor climate[M].Shanghai:Shanghai Science and Technology Press,1988.
[19]庄司光.服装卫生学[M].北京:轻工业出版社,1987. ZHUANG Si-guang.Clothing hygiene[M].Beijing:Light Industry Press,1987.
[20]Mairiaux P,Malchaire J,Candas V.Prediction of mean skin temperature in warm environments[J].European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology,1987,56(6):686-692.
[21]Berger X,Grivel F.Mean skin temperature in warm humid climates[J].European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology,1989,59(4):284-289.
[22]Mehnert P,Malchaire J,Kampmann B,et al.Prediction of the average skin temperature in warm and hot environments[J].Arbeitsphysiologie,2000,82(1-2):52-60.
[23]Fernandes A A,Amorim P R,Brito C J,et al.Measuring skin temperature before,during and after exercise:a comparison of thermocouples and infrared thermography[J].Physiological Measurement,2014,35(2):189-203.
[24]庞 诚,常绍勇,孙洪元.躯干及肢体部位体表温度分布的医学研究[J].宇航学报,1985(4):72-80. PANG Cheng,CHANG Shao-yong,SUN Hong-yuan.Medical research on the body surface temperature distribution of the trunk and limbs[J].Journal of Astronautics,1985(4):72-80.
[25]杨廷欣.低温环境下人体非蒸发散热规律研究及数学模型的建立[C]//中国人类工效学学会第五次学术交流会.1998:1-4. YANG Ting-xin.Research on the law of non-evaporative heat dissipation and establishment of mathematical model in low temperature environment[C]//The Fifth Symposium of Chinese Society of Ergonomics,1998:1-4.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-07-14 责任编辑:杨泉林
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51474105,51704110)
通信作者:刘何清(1964-),男,山东荣成人,教授,博士生导师,E-mail:hqliu8222638@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-15