[1]彭先龙,李爱民,郭 卫.平面刀具数控加工面齿轮与齿面偏差分析[J].西安科技大学学报,2017,(01):133-140.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2017.0120]
 PENG Xian-long,LI Ai-min,GUO Wei.CNC method and tooth surface deviation analysis for face gear generated by plane-cutter[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2017,(01):133-140.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2017.0120]
点击复制

平面刀具数控加工面齿轮与齿面偏差分析(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2017年01期
页码:
133-140
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
CNC method and tooth surface deviation analysis for face gear generated by plane-cutter
文章编号:
1672-9315(2017)01-0133-08
作者:
彭先龙李爱民郭 卫
西安科技大学 机械工程学院,陕西 西安 710054
Author(s):
PENG Xian-longLI Ai-minGUO Wei
llege of Mechanical and Engineering,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China
关键词:
面齿轮 平面刀具 数控 偏差 格林森
Keywords:
Key words:face gear plane-cutter CNC deviation gleason works
分类号:
TH 132
DOI:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2017.0120
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了面齿轮的切削、磨削刀具通用化,研究了格林森平面刀具加工面齿轮的数控方法。在获得平面刀具理论运动规律的基础上,简述了格林森数控机床系统的运动自由度,建立了数控系统的坐标系,通过坐标变换、运动等价要求及啮合方程建立了数控系统的运动规律和面齿轮数控加工模型,为降低原理性和数控齿面综合偏差,进一步建立了减小齿面误差的敏感矩阵模型,以修正机床运动规律。齿面仿真结果表明算例中平面刀具加工面齿轮的原理性误为-1.052 mm,相对平面刀具的理论加工方法,数控加工齿面偏差为-12.77 μm,修正机床运动规律后,综合齿面偏差降低到了-626.3 μm.因此应用敏感矩阵法有利于降低平面刀具加工面齿轮的综合齿面误差和优化机床运动规律。
Abstract:
Abstract:In order to universalize the tool for face gear cutting and grinding,the CNC method that applying the Gleason works' plane-cutter in face gear manufacturing was investigated.Based on obtaining principle motion rules of the plane-cutter,the freedom of the Gleason works' CNC machine was summarized,the coordinate system of the CNC machine was established,the CNC machine motion rule and the generated face gear tooth surface were derived by coordinate transformation,requirement of motion equivalence and meshing equation.For the purpose of decreasing the surface composite deviation of principle and CNC,the model of sensitivity matrix for reducing the deviation was further derived to correct the CNC motion rule.The simulation of the tooth surface demonstrates that:in the numerical example,the principle deviation of the face gear tooth surface generated by the plane-cutter is-1.052 mm,comparing to the theoretical method by plane-cutter,the surface deviation generated by CNC method is-12.77 um,after the correction of the CNC motion rule,the composite deviation is reduced to-626.3 um.Hence,the application of the sensitivity matrix contributes to decrease the composite deviation of the face gear tooth surface generated by the plane-cutter and optimizes the CNC motion rule of the machine tool.

参考文献/References:

[1] Faydor L Litvin,Alfonso Fuentes.Gear geometry and applied theory[M].New York:Cambridge University Press,2004. [2]吴亚男.面齿轮滚齿加工方法的研究[D].哈尔滨:哈尔滨工业大学,2013. WU Ya-nan.Research on hobbing method of face gear[D].Harbing:Harbing Institute of Technology,2013. [3]郭 辉,赵 宁,项云飞,等.六轴数控蜗杆砂轮磨齿机磨削面齿轮的方法[J].机械工程学报, 2015, 51(11):186-194. GUO Hui,ZHAO Ning,XIANG Yun-fei,et al.Face gear grinding method using six-axis CNC worm wheel machine[J].Journal of MechanicalEngineering,2015,51(11):186-194. [4]彭先龙,方宗德,苏进展,等.采用碟形砂轮的面齿轮磨齿方法理论分析[J].航空动力学报,2012,27(5):1 159-1 165. PENG Xian-long,FANG Zong-de,SU Jin-zhan, et al.Theory analysis for application grinding disk in face gear grinding[J].Journal of Aerospace Power,2012,27(5):1 159-1 165. [5]王延忠,侯良威,兰 州,等. 面齿轮精密磨削砂轮数控修整技术研究[J].四川大学学报:工程科学版,2015,47(4):186-191. WANG Yan-zhong,HOU Liang-wei,LAN Zhou,et al. CNC technology of wheel dressing for precision grinding face gear[J].Journal of Sichuan Uniersity:Engineering Science Edition,2015,47(4):186-191. [6]唐进元.一种盘形刀具加工面齿轮的方法:中国,CN 104551265 A[P].2015-04-29 TANG Jin-yuan.A method for face gear manufacturing by applying a cutter of disk: Chinese patent, CN 104551265 A[P].2015-04-29. [7]Faydor L Litvin,Alfonso Fuentes,Claudio Zanzi,et al.Face gear drive with spur involute pinion:geometry,generation by a worm,stress analysis[J].Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering,2002,191:2 785-2 813. [8]YANG Xiao-yu,TANG Jin-yuan.Research on manufacturing method of CNC plunge milling for spur face gear[J].Journal of Materials Processing Technology,2014,214:3 013-3 019. [9]Hermam J Stadtfeld.Coniface face gear cutting and grinding[N].http://www.gearsolutions.com/article/detail/6020/coniface-face-gear-cutting-and-grinding. [10]The gleason whorks.Method and tool for manufacturing face gear[P].United States,US2012/00099939 A1,Apr,2012,26. [11]毛世民,曾新宇.一种面齿轮磨齿方法.中国,CN 103264198 A[P].2013-08-28. MAO Shi-min,ZENG Xin-yu.A method for face gear tooth grinding,Chinese patent,CN 103264198 A[P].2013-08-28. [12]彭先龙,胡锡文,方宗德.构造拓扑修形齿面的面齿轮传动主动设计[J].航空动力学报,2014,29(5):1 216-1 222. PENG Xian-long,HU Xi-wen,FANG Zong-de.Active design of face gear drive for modifying ease-off topology flank[J].Journal of Aerospace Power,2014,29(5):1 216-1 222. [13]Litvin F L,Chen N X.Generation of gear tooth surfaces by application of CNC machines[R].NASA Contractor Report 195306,1995. [14]SHI Yi-pei,CHEN Shi-duang.A flank correction methodology for a five-axis CNC gear profile grinding machine[J].Mechanism and Machine Theory,2012,47:31-45. [15]QI Fan.Computerized modeling and simulation of spiral bevel and hypoid gears manufactured by gleason face hobbing process[J].Journal of Mechanical Design,2006,128:1 315-1 327. [16]YI-PEI Shih.A novel ease-off flank modification methodology for spiral bevel and hypoid gears[J].Mechanism and Machine Theory,2010,45:1 108-1 124. [17]JIANG Jin-ke,FANG Zong-de.High-order tooth flank correction for a helical gear on a six-axis CNC hob machine[J].Mechanism and Machine Theory,2015,91:227-237. [18]张 虎,方成刚,郭二廓,等.基于五轴运动优化的数控成形磨齿精密齿向修形[J].计算机集成制造系统,2014,20(12):3 058-3 065. ZHANG Hu,FANG Cheng-gang,GUO Er-kuo,et al.Accurate lead modification of CNC gear profile grinding based on five axis motion optimization[J].Computer Integrated Manufacturing System,2014,20(12):3 058-3 065.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51605378); 中国博士后科学基金(2016M592814); 陕西省自然科学基金(2015JQ5159); 西安科技大学博士启动基金(2015QDJ025); 西安科技大学培育基金(2014030) 通讯作者:彭先龙(1982-),男,安徽安庆人,博士,讲师,E-mail:pxlish@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01