[1]张俭让,王江艳,董丁稳,等.基于优化定权与灰色聚类的人流密集场所应急疏散能力评价[J].西安科技大学学报,2014,(04):451-456.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2014.0413]
 ZHANG Jian-rang,WANG Jiang-yan,DONG Ding-wen,et al.Evaluation of emergency evacuation capacity based on weight optimization and grey clustering in assembly occupancies[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2014,(04):451-456.[doi:10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2014.0413]
点击复制

基于优化定权与灰色聚类的人流密集场所应急疏散能力评价(/HTML)
分享到:

西安科技大学学报[ISSN:1672-9315/CN:61-1434/N]

卷:
期数:
2014年04期
页码:
451-456
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-08-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Evaluation of emergency evacuation capacity based on weight optimization and grey clustering in assembly occupancies
作者:
张俭让王江艳董丁稳郑海霞
西安科技大学 能源学院,陕西 西安 710054
Author(s):
ZHANG Jian-rangWANG Jiang-yanDONG Ding-wenZHENG Hai-xia
College of Energy Science and Engineering,Xi'an University of Science and Technology,Xi'an 710054,China
关键词:
应急疏散能力 最小二乘法 优化 灰色聚类 评价
Keywords:
emergency evacuation capacity least squares method optimize grey clustering evaluation
分类号:
X 951
DOI:
10.13800/j.cnki.xakjdxxb.2014.0413
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为研究人流密集场所应急疏散能力,在分析构成人流密集场所应急能力影响因素的基础上,对影响人流密集场所应急能力的主要影响因素从人员、建筑、环境、交通、管理5个方面进行了的分析,建立了表征人流密集场所应急疏散能力的多层次安全评价指标体系。将评价指标优化定权方法与灰色聚类分析方法相结合,应用于人流密集场所应急疏散能力评价。应用最小二乘法优化层次分析法与熵权法得到的指标权值,克服了评价过程中指标权重主观性强的弊端,保证了指标权值的合理性; 应用灰色聚类分析方法,用灰类白化权函数来量化各评价指标隶属于不同评价等级的程度进行评价,以增加评价结果的可信度,进而得出人流密集场所应急疏散能力的评价结果。应用该方法对西安火车站地下商场区进行评价,通过对评价结果的分析反映出该区域在应急疏散方面存在的不足,为该区域应急疏散能力的提升与安全管理工作的持续改进提供了的参考依据; 该方法可操作性强、便于计算实现,是一种实用的综合评价方法。
Abstract:
In order to study the emergency evacuation capacity of assembly occupancies,based on analysis of the influence factors of emergency capacity in assembly occupancies,the main influence factors were analyzed from the aspects of the staff,architecture,environment,transportation and management.And the multi-level evaluation index system which can show the emergency evacuation capacity in assembly occupancies was built.Then the method combining optimized weight method and grey clustering method was applied to evaluation.By optimizing AHP and entropy weight using least squares method,the index weight was obtained,which overcome the subjectivity of index weight and guaranteed the rationality of index weight.Using grey clustering method,the evaluation was made by quantifying the degree of evaluation index affiliating to estimation scale with definite weighted functions,which increased the reliability of evaluation and obtained the evaluation results.The underground shopping mall of Xi'an railway station was evaluated using this method,the evaluation results show that the deficiency of emergency capacity existed in this area,and it would provide basis for the development in emergency capacity and the improvement of safety management,it also shows that this method is practical,operable and easy to calculation.

参考文献/References:

[1] 江 伟.城市道路应急疏散能力综合评价的研究[D].北京:北京交通大学,2009. JIANG Wei.The research on the capacity of the emergency evacuation[D].Beijing:Beijing Jiaotong University,2009.
[2] Janelle Booth.Evaluation of the use of rural transportation infrastructure in evacuation operations[J].Journal of Transportation Safety & Security,2010,2(2):88-101.
[3] 李引擎.建筑防火工程[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2004. LI Yin-qing,.The building fire engineering[M].Beijing:Chemical Industry Press,2004.
[4] 胡召华.铁路突发事件应急疏散能力评价指标体系研究[C]//第五届中国智能交通年会暨第六届国际节能与新能源汽车创新发展论坛优秀论文集.北京:电子工业出版社,2009. HU Zhao-hua.Study on assessment index system of emergency[C]//The fifth session of Chinese intelligent transportation and the sixth annual meeting of the international energy conservation and development of new energy automobile Innovation Forum outstanding thesis.Beijing:Electronic Industry Press,2009.
[5] 宋卫国,于彦飞,陈 涛.出口条件对人员疏散的影响及其分析[J].火灾科学,2003,12(2):100-104. SONG Wei-guo,YU Yan-fei,CHEN Tao.Influences of exit conditions on pedestrian evacuation[J].Fire Safety Science,2003,12(2):100-104.
[6] 郭朝光.浅谈大型公共建筑中人员安全疏散问题[J].科技情报开发与经济,2007,17(15):296-297. GUO Chao-guang.Taking about the problems of the safe dispersal of the people in the large-sized public building[J].Scitech Information Development & Economy,2007,17(15):296-297.
[7] 马骏驰,李 杰,周锡元.道路转角对人员疏散的影响与分析[J].防灾减灾工程学报,2003,27(4):377-381. MA Jun-chi,LI Jie,ZHOU Xi-yuan.The analysis of corner effect on the occupant evacuation[J].Journal of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Engineering,2003,27(4):377-381.
[8] 陈绍宽,李思悦,李 雪,等.地铁车站内乘客疏散时间计算方法研究[J].交通运输系统工程与信息,2008,8(4):101-107. CHEN Shao-kuan,LI Si-yue,LI Xue,et al.Modeling evacuation time for passengers from metro platforms[J].Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology,2008,8(4):101-107.
[9] 任常兴,张 欣,张 网,等.人员密集场所突发火灾事故应急疏散能力分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2010,6(2):39-43. REN Chang-xing,ZHANG Xin,ZHANG Wang.Analysis on the emergency evacuation capabilities in fire accidents of assembly occupancies[J].Journal of Safety Science and Technology,2010,6(2):39-43.
[10]漆艳茹.指标权重的确定方法及应用研究[D].沈阳:东北大学,2010. QI Yan-ru.The method of determining index weight and its application research[D].Shenyang:Northeastern University,2010.
[11]郭显光.改进的熵值法及其在经济效益评价中的应用[J].系统工程理论与实践,1998(12):98-102. GUO Xian-guang.Application of improved entropy method in evaluation of ecoruic result[J].Systems Engineering Theory and Practice,1998(12):98-102.
[12]郭金玉,张钟彬,孙庆云.层次分析法在安全科学研究中的应用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2008,4(2):69-73. GUO Jin-yu,ZHANG Zhong-bin,SUN Qing-yun.Applications of AHP method in safety science[J].Journal of Safety Science and Technology,2008,4(2):69-73.
[13]陆添超.熵值法和层次分析法在指标权重确定中的应用[J].电脑编程技巧与维护,2010(22):19-20. LU Tian-chao.The application of entropy method and AHP in weight determining[J].Computer Programming Skills & Maintenance,2010(22):19-20.
[14]王长青.运用最小二乘法确定后评估指标权重的方法[J].吉林大学学报,2010,28(5):513-518. WANG Chang-qing.Research of determining index weights based on least squares method in post-evaluation process[J].Journal of Jilin University,2010,28(5):513-518.
[15]赵 昱.基于层次分析法——灰色聚类的PFI模式下公租房建设的风险评价方法[J].工程管理学报,2013,27(1):69-72. ZHAO Yu.Risk evaluation of PFI financing model in public rental housing construction based on AHP-grey clustering method[J].Journal of Engineering Management,2013,27(1):69-72.
[16]闫文周,刘 波.用灰色聚类方法对旧建筑物结构安全性的评价[J].西安科技大学学报,2009,29(1):122-126. YAN Wen-zhou,LIU Bo.Assessment of structural safety of old buildings based on the gray cluster[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Scence and Technology,2009,29(1):122-126.
[17]董奋义.灰色系统教学中白化权函数的构造方法分析[J].华北水利水电学院学报,2010,31(3):97-99. DONG Fen-yi.Construction method of whitenization weight function in grey system teaching[J].Journal of North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power,2010,31(3):97-99.

相似文献/References:

[1]姜友谊,巨小文,胡亚轩,等.借助Matlab遗传算法反演火山区压力源参数[J].西安科技大学学报,2008,(01):91.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-9315.2008.01.020]
 JIANG You-yi JU Xiao-wen HU Ya-xuan WANG Xiong.Inversion of pressure source parameters based on Matlab GA toolbox[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2008,(04):91.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-9315.2008.01.020]
[2]任晓莉,程红丽,杨建卫.一种变电站系统参数估计的新方法[J].西安科技大学学报,2008,(04):753.
 REN Xiao-li,CHENG Hong-li,YANG Jian-wei.A new estimation method for system parameter in substations[J].Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology,2008,(04):753.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
通讯作者:张俭让(1963-),男,陕西岐山人,教授,E-mail:zhaangjr@sohu.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-07-15